knoalsterschrievers
Website van Harry Töben
Over t Knoalster Grunnegs


Wat hier in t Nederlands staait, staait ook in mien essay "Alles over t Knoalster Grunnegs", mor den in t Grunnegs.



Het Gronings

Een streektaal is vooral van waarde als drager van een bepaalde cultuur.  Het is daarom belangrijk om in stand te worden gehouden. Het Gronings is een streektaal die onderdeel is van het Nedersaksisch. De overige streektalen die tot de Nedersaksische streektalen worden gerekend zijn: het Drents, het Twents, het Stellingwerfs, het Veluws, het Sallands, het Achterhoeks, het IJssellands en het Urks. Over de oostgrens komen vele varianten van het Nedersaksisch voor waaronder: het Oostfries, Eemslands, Munsterlands en Westfaals. Het Gronings kent een aantal varianten, afhankelijk van waar men zich in de provincie bevindt; de stad Groningen, Gorecht, Westerkwartier, Hogeland, Fivelingo, Oldambt, Westerwolde, Veenkoloniën, Kanaalstreek. 

 

Het Knoalster Grunnegs als spreektaal
De Kanaalstreek is het jongste stukje Groningen. Het is ontstaan door de ontginning van het veen. Men kwam van heinde en verre om er als kanalengraver of veenarbeider te werken. Nadat het veen was verdwenen, begon men de grond te bewerken en kwamen er  boerderijen. Er kwamen handelaren en er vestigden zich ambachtslieden. Veel kwamen uit Duitsland. De verscheidenheid van de bevolking was groot en heeft bijgedragen aan de ontwikkeling van een eigen spreektaal die afwijkt van het Veenkoloniaals. De taal die er gesproken wordt ontwikkelde zich vanuit het Veenkoloniaals, Westerwolds, Oldambts en Drents. Waar in andere delen van Groningen het Fries van invloed is geweest, daar is in de Kanaalstreek geen sprake van. Wel worden er veel woorden gebruikt die vanuit het Nederlands komen. Je kunt spreken van het naar het Gronings vertaalde Nederlands. In de Kanaalstreek worden ook veel Nederlandse woorden gebruikt. Aan het vertalen van buitenlandse woorden naar de eigen streektaal, is in de Kanaalstreek minder behoefte dan elders in Groningen. De gesproken taal in de Kanaalstreek heeft, vooral onder invloed van het Drents, veel klankverschillen met de overige streektalen in Groningen. De taal van de Kanaalstreek begint ongeveer in de omgeving van Bareveld en eindigt in Ter Apel. Het wordt gesproken in de Drentse Monden en in delen van het Oldambt en Westerwolde. 

Het Knoalster Grunneges als schrijftaal
Uitgangspunten van een schrijftaal zijn: leesbaarheid en leerbaarheid. Leesbaarheid wil zeggen dat een schrijftaal een spreektaal moet volgen. Leerbaarheid betekend dat een schrijftaal eenvoudig en consequent moet zijn.  Een schrijver kan zich het beste uitdrukken in de woorden zoals hij die spreekt. Woorden, die dezelfde betekenis hebben, kunnen in klanken erg verschillen. Prof. dr. Siemon Reker, hoogleraar Gronings aan de RUG schreef: "Iemand die de klankverschillen niet hoort, weet wellicht niet waar een ander zich druk om kan maken; voor een ander kan het bijkans een halszaak zijn om te spellen zoals hij spreekt en dus zó gelezen wil worden." Om een juiste schriftelijke weergave te krijgen van de gesproken taal is een eigen spelling van woorden nodig. Bij het Knoalsters wordt er echter terdege rekening gehouden met de algemene spelling- en grammaticaregels zoals deze vanaf 1984 door prof. dr. Siemon Reker zijn vastgesteld. Een ander belangrijke reden om in het Knoalsters te schrijven is, dat het lezen in de streektaal die je zelf spreekt altijd het gemakkelijkst is.

 

Spellingregels van het Knoalsters
Meer dan anders in de provincie Groningen, is er in de Kanaalstreek sprake van een monoftongering van de tweeklank. De tweeklank wordt als het ware verkort. Daar, waar dit zich in de spreektaal aandient, wordt het in de schrijftaal gevolgd.Enige voorbeelden:

Nederlands woord moeten; Gronings mouten; Knoalsters motten
                                 maken                     moaken                     mokken
                                 proberen                pebaaiern                  pebaren
                                 twee                        twij                             twèje
                                 nieuws                     nijs                              nès

Bij Nederlands woorden die op elijk eindigen mag in het Gronings de ij worden weggelaten. Woorden als: vriendelijk, onmiddelijk, worden in het Gronings vrundelk en votdoadelk. In het Knoalsters worden de woorden geschreven zoals ze worden uitgesproken namelijk: vrundlek, votdoadlek.

Bij toevoeging van te of de aan woorden in de regelmatige verleden tijd wordt in de Kanaalstreek gekozen voor de waar men elders in de provincie voor te kiest. Voorbeelden:  rookte=rookde, fietst=fietsde, bakte=bakde. Maar ook witte=widde.

Het lidwoord de wordt in de Kanaalstreek meer gebruikt als elders. Het wordt wel dicht bij het woord uitgesproken dat er op volgt. Soms hoor je alleen een lichte keelklank, maar je hoort het, en dan wordt het ook geschreven.

In de Kanaalstreek is het bijna vanzelfsprekend dat, als iemand niet go gauw een gaaf Gronings woord voorhanden heeft, er gewoon een Nederlands woord wordt gebruikt. Men gaat niet naar de winkel om een spaigelploatje te kopen; men koop een cd.

Door deze regels op papier te zetten, is het voor mensen die in het Knoalsters willen schrijven eenvoudiger geworden. Vaak kunnen ze spellen zoals ze spreken. Het mag echter geen fonetisch schrift worden. Dan voldoet het niet meer aan de regel dat een schrijftaal leerbaar moet zijn.

 

 

 Meer over t Knoalster Grunnegs is te lezen in mien essay: Alles over t Knoalster Grunnegs.

 t Is te koop in de boekwinkels in de Knoalstreek of bie mie via de mail: hatoben@online.nl.

t Kost 3,95 euro exl. verzendkosten.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 











Reacties

adidas nmd op 14-09-2018 05:57
I intended to post you this very little word to finally say thank you again for these pleasing information you've provided here. This has been pretty generous with you to convey freely what many of us could have offered for an e book to make some bucks for themselves, particularly considering that you could possibly have done it if you wanted. Those strategies additionally worked like a fantastic way to recognize that some people have similar eagerness just like my very own to grasp great deal more pertaining to this issue. I think there are some more pleasurable times ahead for individuals that scan your blog post.
I simply wanted to compose a small remark to say thanks to you for all the splendid hints you are writing here. My prolonged internet look up has now been recognized with extremely good facts and techniques to go over with my companions. I would declare that most of us website visitors actually are quite blessed to be in a fantastic network with very many marvellous individuals with beneficial tips and hints. I feel rather happy to have encountered the web pages and look forward to some more pleasurable minutes reading here. Thank you once more for all the details.
timberland outlet op 14-09-2018 08:07
Thanks a lot for providing individuals with an exceptionally breathtaking chance to discover important secrets from this site. It really is so sweet and full of a good time for me and my office acquaintances to visit your web site not less than thrice in 7 days to read the latest issues you will have. Of course, I am just certainly fulfilled with the attractive solutions you serve. Some 3 tips in this article are rather the most beneficial I've had.
villanova school storewo nike shox kaufen2017 air jordan 3 hornetsjordan aj xx8 se grey white black nike lunar tr1 2018texas longhorns2019 desert orange white http://www.featherinsight.com/28/nike-lunar-tr1-2018texas-longhorns2019-desert-orange-white
air jordan 10 retro black op 14-09-2018 09:14
nike white shoes mensnike lebron 13 gs comic book45 alan cross jerseys barpittsburgh pirates jose tabata 31 black authentic jersey sale air jordan 10 retro black http://www.acceleratedproductionservice.com/11/air-jordan-10-retro-black
womens white air max 2013jordan 13 for20retro 4 fear size 7 air max camo tapelevis x nike sb omar salazar lr at dqm kevin durant nike kd 10 black grey basketball shoes 2017 http://www.ibcbrazil.com/32/kevin-durant-nike-kd-10-black-grey-basketball-shoes-2017
84 antonio brown jerseys zara op 14-09-2018 09:14
nike floodlights pack featuredblue and red nike air max 2013nike air force 1 blue lowinexpensive nike air max shoes 84 antonio brown jerseys zara http://www.michianahomeandyardshow.com/nfl5-5/84-antonio-brown-jerseys-zara
women nike arizona cardinals 56 reggie walker elite white nfl jersey sale86 nick boyle jerseys mikenike green bay packers 18 randall cobb realtree camo elite jersey51 kyle emanuel jersey shore men nike oakland raiders 86 david ausberry elite black team color nfl jersey sale http://www.igoexchange.com/nfl5-10/men-nike-oakland-raiders-86-david-ausberry-elite-black-team-color-nfl-jersey-sale
nike shox vaeda whitenike flynkit air maxnike jackets mens salenike mens shoes nike lunarglide 7 running shoe white anthracite cool grey nike air more uptempo white gold click image to close http://www.kede-designs.com/5/nike-air-more-uptempo-white-gold-click-image-to-close
adidas nmd salmon buynike air presto black for saleretro jordan women size 7nike free flyknit 4.0 sky blue silver video kobe on conan o brien show http://www.bingo-lingo.com/18/video-kobe-on-conan-o-brien-show
new air max sneakers 2013 op 14-09-2018 09:17
nike sportswear dunk high tiger camo previewnike air max hyperposite rajon rondojordan 13 retro in sizy 4.5retro 13 all black new air max sneakers 2013 http://www.thehipinvestor.com/1/new-air-max-sneakers-2013
undefeated 4s jordannike lebron wife27 damian swann jerseys wholesalemens nike cleveland browns 53 joe schobert game orange alternate nfl jersey air jordan 5 retro shanghai shen black varsity maize varsity royal black for sale 6 http://www.tatouages-annuaire.com/40/air-jordan-5-retro-shanghai-shen-black-varsity-maize-varsity-royal-black-for-sale-6
new balance 998 pool bluenike lunarglide 6 womens white silvernike air max 90 ultra se cargo khakiair jordan 7 marvin the martian 2015 mens new nike flyknit lunar 3 running shoes black bright crimson university red white 698181 006 http://www.howdoyouread.com/5/mens-new-nike-flyknit-lunar-3-running-shoes-black-bright-crimson-university-red-white-698181-006
nike shoes op 14-09-2018 10:28
I wanted to jot down a quick comment so as to thank you for all of the wonderful strategies you are writing at this site. My prolonged internet lookup has now been compensated with reputable facts and techniques to exchange with my colleagues. I 'd declare that we readers actually are extremely lucky to live in a notable website with many marvellous individuals with good pointers. I feel somewhat fortunate to have encountered the web site and look forward to plenty of more pleasurable moments reading here. Thanks a lot once again for all the details.
chrome hearts online op 14-09-2018 18:55
I must express thanks to this writer for rescuing me from this particular crisis. Right after scouting through the the web and meeting things which are not pleasant, I was thinking my entire life was well over. Living minus the approaches to the difficulties you've sorted out as a result of your main short post is a crucial case, and the kind that could have negatively affected my career if I hadn't encountered your web page. Your good natural talent and kindness in controlling all things was vital. I am not sure what I would've done if I hadn't come across such a solution like this. It's possible to now relish my future. Thank you so much for the impressive and sensible help. I won't hesitate to suggest your web sites to any person who wants and needs support about this area.
adidas nmd op 14-09-2018 23:10
Thanks so much for giving everyone remarkably remarkable possiblity to discover important secrets from this blog. It's always so pleasant and full of a great time for me personally and my office acquaintances to visit the blog the equivalent of 3 times every week to read the fresh guidance you have got. And of course, I'm just certainly impressed considering the fantastic secrets served by you. Certain two ideas in this posting are basically the simplest we have had.
adidas eqt support op 15-09-2018 01:01
My spouse and i felt very glad that John managed to complete his reports out of the precious recommendations he made while using the web site. It's not at all simplistic to just always be releasing steps the rest have been making money from. We understand we have the writer to give thanks to for this. These explanations you made, the straightforward web site navigation, the relationships you can make it possible to create - it's most fantastic, and it's making our son in addition to us consider that that idea is satisfying, and that's wonderfully fundamental. Thanks for the whole lot!
fenty puma op 15-09-2018 05:40
I enjoy you because of every one of your labor on this website. Ellie delights in carrying out investigations and it's really obvious why. Almost all learn all of the powerful form you create functional strategies on this web site and as well as recommend participation from others on the situation and my child is becoming educated a whole lot. Take advantage of the rest of the new year. You are performing a useful job.
curry 4 op 15-09-2018 08:01
Thank you a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily special possiblity to read critical reviews from this website. It can be so sweet plus stuffed with a good time for me personally and my office peers to search your site at a minimum thrice in one week to read the new tips you will have. Of course, I'm just at all times amazed concerning the very good thoughts you give. Certain 3 tips in this article are rather the most efficient I have had.
jordan 13 op 15-09-2018 12:34
I actually wanted to type a brief word to be able to say thanks to you for the superb tips you are giving at this website. My extensive internet investigation has at the end been compensated with sensible facts and techniques to talk about with my great friends. I 'd suppose that we readers actually are truly blessed to live in a magnificent community with many awesome individuals with insightful solutions. I feel really lucky to have used the web site and look forward to really more enjoyable moments reading here. Thank you once more for all the details.
yeezy op 15-09-2018 14:38
I have to convey my gratitude for your kind-heartedness for folks who have the need for guidance on your area. Your special dedication to getting the message up and down became amazingly significant and have regularly permitted guys just like me to realize their targets. Your valuable help implies a great deal a person like me and still more to my colleagues. With thanks; from everyone of us.
adidas ultra boost op 15-09-2018 16:42
I wanted to draft you one little observation to finally say thank you once again with your amazing basics you've featured above. It has been simply pretty generous of people like you to present unhampered all a lot of people would've offered for sale as an ebook to make some cash for their own end, mostly now that you could have done it in case you considered necessary. These pointers likewise worked as the easy way to recognize that most people have a similar passion just like my personal own to realize a good deal more in respect of this matter. I know there are several more enjoyable occasions ahead for individuals who read through your website.
hermes outlet online op 15-09-2018 19:37
I intended to put you a very little observation to thank you so much yet again for these wonderful tips you have shared at this time. This is simply surprisingly generous with people like you to allow unreservedly exactly what a few people would've offered for sale for an e-book to end up making some dough on their own, principally seeing that you could possibly have done it in case you decided. These suggestions in addition acted like the great way to know that someone else have the identical dream much like my own to see lots more in regard to this condition. I am sure there are lots of more fun times up front for folks who read through your blog post.
cheap jordans op 15-09-2018 21:24
My husband and i got now joyful that Peter could complete his research using the precious recommendations he was given in your web site. It is now and again perplexing just to choose to be giving freely tips the others have been selling. And we also fully grasp we have got you to thank because of that. Most of the illustrations you've made, the simple blog navigation, the friendships you can make it possible to promote - it is all fabulous, and it's really making our son and our family know that that topic is satisfying, which is truly indispensable. Thank you for the whole lot!
russell westbrook shoes op 16-09-2018 00:34
I precisely needed to appreciate you again. I do not know the things I could possibly have sorted out in the absence of these concepts revealed by you about such a problem. It previously was a real daunting difficulty for me personally, nevertheless taking note of a new specialised strategy you managed that took me to weep for happiness. Now i'm grateful for your assistance and in addition believe you realize what a powerful job you were undertaking instructing the rest all through your web site. I'm certain you've never met all of us.
air max 90 op 16-09-2018 02:11
I must show my thanks to this writer for bailing me out of this type of problem. Right after researching through the online world and meeting advice which were not pleasant, I assumed my life was over. Existing devoid of the answers to the problems you've solved as a result of your good website is a critical case, and those that could have badly affected my career if I hadn't noticed your web blog. The training and kindness in playing with the whole thing was invaluable. I don't know what I would've done if I hadn't discovered such a step like this. It's possible to at this time look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time so much for the reliable and effective guide. I will not think twice to suggest the sites to anyone who needs and wants guide on this matter.
iniki op 16-09-2018 07:32
I really wanted to develop a comment to be able to thank you for those unique advice you are placing at this site. My prolonged internet lookup has finally been paid with awesome details to go over with my pals. I would point out that many of us website visitors actually are undeniably blessed to be in a fine website with many wonderful individuals with good tips and hints. I feel truly fortunate to have used the web pages and look forward to so many more awesome minutes reading here. Thanks once more for everything.
moncler op 16-09-2018 10:00
I have to show some appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of this particular problem. As a result of looking out throughout the internet and meeting notions that were not productive, I figured my life was done. Being alive without the presence of answers to the difficulties you've resolved by means of your good guide is a crucial case, and the kind that would have badly damaged my career if I hadn't come across the website. Your own training and kindness in taking care of all the pieces was precious. I'm not sure what I would've done if I hadn't encountered such a stuff like this. I can also now look ahead to my future. Thank you very much for your expert and results-oriented help. I won't hesitate to refer your blog post to anyone who should receive care about this issue.
vibram five fingers op 16-09-2018 14:49
I needed to write you this little remark to help say thanks as before for those breathtaking principles you've documented on this page. This is particularly generous of you to make publicly all that a number of us would have made available as an e-book to make some dough for themselves, principally considering the fact that you might well have done it in the event you considered necessary. The guidelines as well acted to be a fantastic way to understand that many people have a similar desire similar to my personal own to realize a lot more regarding this matter. I think there are some more pleasant times in the future for folks who read through your site.
jordan shoes op 16-09-2018 17:29
I wanted to construct a small note in order to say thanks to you for the awesome advice you are placing on this site. My rather long internet investigation has at the end been recognized with excellent concept to write about with my great friends. I 'd believe that many of us site visitors actually are definitely blessed to live in a very good community with very many special people with interesting ideas. I feel truly grateful to have come across your entire site and look forward to so many more enjoyable minutes reading here. Thank you once more for a lot of things.
nmd uk op 16-09-2018 21:50
I am commenting to make you know of the notable discovery my princess undergone browsing the blog. She mastered plenty of things, not to mention how it is like to possess a wonderful helping mindset to get many others easily have an understanding of a variety of tortuous subject matter. You undoubtedly exceeded visitors' expected results. Many thanks for giving the essential, trustworthy, explanatory and in addition fun thoughts on your topic to Jane.
lebron 14 op 17-09-2018 02:23
I and my pals were checking the nice solutions located on your web page while then came up with a terrible feeling I had not thanked the web blog owner for them. The men became absolutely happy to read through them and already have in fact been tapping into those things. Appreciation for actually being simply thoughtful as well as for pick out this form of decent things millions of individuals are really wanting to learn about. Our own honest regret for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.
reebok outlet op 17-09-2018 04:13
I needed to create you that tiny remark in order to give thanks the moment again for the fantastic advice you've documented on this website. This is quite extremely generous with people like you to provide unreservedly what exactly most of us might have offered for an e-book in making some bucks for their own end, most importantly considering that you could have done it if you ever decided. The thoughts likewise worked like a good way to recognize that many people have a similar keenness the same as my very own to learn a great deal more in respect of this condition. Certainly there are a lot more pleasurable situations in the future for people who go through your blog.
golden goose op 17-09-2018 08:27
My wife and i ended up being really glad that Albert could round up his inquiry using the precious recommendations he obtained from your very own web page. It is now and again perplexing to simply find yourself giving away secrets and techniques which often many others may have been trying to sell. And we also do know we now have the website owner to give thanks to because of that. The main explanations you've made, the straightforward website menu, the relationships you will help foster - it's got mostly astonishing, and it is leading our son in addition to us consider that that article is pleasurable, which is certainly quite mandatory. Many thanks for all the pieces!
nike epic react op 17-09-2018 10:42
I have to voice my appreciation for your kindness supporting men and women that must have guidance on the field. Your real dedication to getting the message throughout ended up being surprisingly useful and have truly helped workers like me to realize their desired goals. Your personal invaluable tips and hints entails a great deal to me and still more to my peers. Thanks a ton; from each one of us.
nike air max 2018 op 17-09-2018 14:46
I together with my guys were looking through the best techniques found on your website while then I had a horrible suspicion I had not thanked the web site owner for them. My young boys were definitely absolutely glad to learn all of them and have now in truth been taking pleasure in these things. We appreciate you simply being considerably considerate as well as for picking certain remarkable useful guides millions of individuals are really desperate to understand about. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.
yeezy boost 350 v2 op 17-09-2018 17:27
I am commenting to make you understand of the outstanding experience our princess undergone viewing the blog. She realized a lot of issues, which included what it is like to possess an amazing teaching mindset to get the rest effortlessly learn various extremely tough subject matter. You actually exceeded my desires. Thanks for producing such necessary, dependable, edifying and also unique thoughts on that topic to Julie.
asics kayno op 17-09-2018 21:06
I precisely wished to thank you very much all over again. I'm not certain the things that I would've followed without these solutions provided by you over that question. Completely was a real alarming dilemma in my opinion, nevertheless understanding the very professional fashion you processed that made me to leap with fulfillment. I will be happy for this work and in addition trust you find out what a powerful job your are putting in educating some other people using your webblog. I am certain you haven't come across any of us.
Commentaar
Jouw naam/bijnaam
Website url
E-mail
Je Punt profiel
Dit is een verplicht veld